It has played a significant role in the development of the national petroleum industry. The Fort McMurray wildfire led to the evacuation of its residents and caused widespread damage. Fort McMurray was known simply as McMurray between and The Athabasca oil sands were known to the locals and the surface deposits were used to waterproof their canoes. During the fur tradethe location of Fort McMurray, west of Methye Portagewas an important junction on the fur trade route from eastern Canada to the Athabasca Country.
In singles50 near fort mcmurray, the first European explorer, Peter Pondcame to the region in search of furs, as the European demand for this commodity at the time was strong. Pond explored the region farther south along the Athabasca River and the Clearwater Riverbut chose to set up a trading post much farther north by the Athabasca River near Lake Athabasca.
However, his post closed in in favour of Fort Chipewyansingles50 near fort mcmurray the oldest continuous settlement in Alberta. Inthe explorer Alexander MacKenzie made the first recorded description of the oil sands.
By that time, trading between the explorers and the Cree was already occurring at the confluence of the Clearwater and Athabasca rivers. The Alberta and Great Waterways Railway arrived in complementing existing steamboat service. The singles50 near fort mcmurray has played a significant role in the history of the petroleum industry in Canada. Oil exploration is known to have occurred in the early 20th century, but Fort McMurray's population remained small, no more than a few hundred people.
Bythere was serious interest in developing a refining plant to separate the oil from the sands. The nearby community of Waterways was established to provide a southern terminus for waterborne transportation when the Alberta and Great Waterways Railway reached there singles50 near fort mcmurray Abasands Oil was the first company to successfully extract oil from the oil sands through hot water extraction by the s, but production was very low.
Fort McMurray and Waterways amalgamated as the village of McMurray the "Fort" was dropped untilwhen it was restored to reflect its heritage byand became a town a year later. Fort McMurray was granted the status of new town so it could get more singles50 near fort mcmurray funding.
By singles50 near fort mcmurray, the town's population was over 2, More oil sands plants were opened, especially after the oil crisis and the energy crisiswhen serious political tensions and conflicts in the Middle East triggered oil price spikes.
The population of the town reached 6, by and climbed to 31, bya year after its incorporation as a city. The population peaked at almost 37, in then declined to under 34, by Instead, it was designated an urban service area within a specialized municipality.
The amalgamation resulted in the entire RM of Wood Buffalo being under a single government. Its municipal office is located in Fort McMurray, which accounts for the great majority of the RM's population; all but 5, of the RM's residents live in the Fort McMurray urban service area. The city continued to grow for a few years even after the oil bust caused by the collapse in world oil prices. Oil price increases since made oil extraction profitable again for around a decade, until another slump in oil prices which began in December and deepened in resulted in layoffs and postponement of projects.
In Juneheavy rains caused the Hangingstone River to flood, causing a six-day state of emergencya bridge collapse, the closure of highways 63 andand the evacuation of people. On May 3,a large wildfire burning southwest of Fort McMurray resulted in the mandatory evacuation of the community. Upwards of 88, people in the community and surrounding region were evacuated.
About one-fifth of homes in the community were reported to be destroyed in the fire. On April 27,massive ice jams  along the Athabasca River resulted in singles50 near fort mcmurray major flood. It devastated the downtown of Fort McMurray, submerging streets and ruining businesses, cars and houses. Approximately 13, people from Fort McMurray and the surrounding area were evacuated.
Fort McMurray is km mi northeast of Edmonton on Highway 63about 60 km 37 mi west of the Saskatchewan border, nestled in the boreal forest at the confluence of the Athabasca Riverthe Clearwater Riverthe Hangingstone Riverand the Horse River. It sits at m 1, ft above sea level. Singles50 near fort mcmurray sprucetrembling aspensingles50 near fort mcmurray poplar and white birch are the most prominent native trees in and around town.
Black spruce and tamarack occur in poorly drained areas and jack pine may be seen on the driest sites. European aspenblue spruce and sand cherry are among the exotic trees occasionally seen.
The community lies at a lower elevation than most other parts of Alberta, so under the right conditions it can be a "hot spot" for Alberta. The average annual precipitation is Average annual snowfall is The highest temperature ever recorded in Fort McMurray was In singles50 near fort mcmurray censusthe Fort McMurray population centre recorded 68, residents living in 24, of its 28, total private dwellings, a change of 1.
With a land area of In the censusthe Fort McMurray population centre recorded 66, residents living in 23, of its 28, total private dwellings, a 9. The permanent population of the Fort McMurray urban service area according to the RM of Wood Buffalo's municipal census is 72,  a change of 1.
Fort McMurray is an increasingly multicultural community. The top four provinces that sent people were other communities in Alberta 55 per centfollowed by Newfoundland and Labrador 13 percentand British Columbia and Ontario nine percent each. This is a drastic change from the municipal census, which was taken when Fort McMurray and the oil sands was undergoing a huge period of economic and population growth.
That census reported people from Ontario represented People from elsewhere in Alberta made up 3. The census found Indigenous peoples represented 7 percent, remaining consistent from The municipal survey did not count the population of the region's First Nation reserves because they do not fall under municipal jurisdiction. First Nations people represent four percent of the municipality's population. About 3. Fort McMurray is singles50 near fort mcmurray the heart of one of Alberta's and Canada's hubs of petroleum production, located near the Athabasca oil sands.
Besides the oil sandsthe economy also relies on natural gas singles50 near fort mcmurray pipeline transportforestry and tourism. Fort McMurray's growth is characteristic of a boomtown. Housing prices and rents are far higher in Fort McMurray than most such remote areas, and inFort McMurray had the highest singles50 near fort mcmurray in Alberta.
There are several airports in the areawith Fort McMurray Singles50 near fort mcmurray Airport being the largest in northern Alberta.
The airport is also serviced by various oil companies with corporate and charter flights heading north to private airstrips at oil sands operations. Flights are frequently booked to capacity because of the high transient worker population and workers who commute to Fort McMurray from other parts of Canada.
Fort McMurray Transit operates in the community, with routes that extend to all subdivisions on the south side and subdivisions on the north side. Ebus and Red Arrow operate scheduled passenger bus services to Edmonton and other communities along Highway 63as well as other destinations farther south.
Highway 63 is the only singles50 near fort mcmurray between Fort McMurray and Edmonton. Due to the industrial demands of the oilsands, Highway 63 boasts some of the highest tonnage per kilometre in Canada, and the largest and heaviest loads that trucks have ever carried. Highway 63 was fully twinned in May CN continues to operate freight service on its Lac La Biche subdivision and stations beyond.
Each school district offers diverse programs like French immersionperforming arts or a dedicated technology and science lab, however only FMPSD offers the Advanced Placement program at one of their schools, being Westwood Community High School. Keyano College is a publicly funded college and vocational institute based in the area and plays a role in training workers for the oil sands.
Known as the cultural hub of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, Keyano College contains both a state-of-the-art theatre and recital hall, hosting a variety of musical and theatrical events that attract upwards of 50, visitors each season.
The centre singles50 near fort mcmurray the Wood Buffalo Regional Library, indoor water park, basketball, tennis and squash courts, rock climbing, fitness centre, indoor singles50 near fort mcmurray, ice rinks and public rental space.
Shell Place, a connected recreational facility, and a seasonal golf course surround the centre. Contents move to sidebar hide. Article Talk.
Read Edit View history. Tools Tools. Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Place in Alberta, Canada. Urban service area in Alberta, Canada. Urban service area hamlet. Wood Buffalo Municipal Council. T9H - T9K. See also: History of the petroleum industry in Canada oil sands and heavy oil. Main article: Fort McMurray wildfire.
See also: List of airports in the Fort McMurray area. Archived from the original on March 25, March 29, Retrieved May 8, Edmonton Journal. Postmedia Network. Archived from the original on April 5, Retrieved June 5, Virtual Singles50 near fort mcmurray of Canada. Retrieved November 2,
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