Founded in and incorporated as the City of Fernie in Julythe municipality has a population of over 5,  with an additional 2,  outside city limits in communities under the jurisdiction of the Regional District of East Kootenay. A substantial seasonal population swells the city during the winter months.
Fernie lies on the Elk Riveralong Canada 's southernmost east-west transportation corridor through the Rockies that crosses the range via the Crowsnest Pass40 kilometres 25 miles to the east. As the largest and longest-established community between Cranbrook dating websites fernie british columbia LethbridgeFernie serves as a minor regional centre, particularly for its fellow Elk Valley communities.
Fernie is the only city-class municipality in Canada that is fully encircled by the Rocky Mountains. The townsite was laid out in the crook of a doglegged glacial valley that today is drained by the Elk River. Three tributaries of the Elk— CoalLizardand Fairy Creeks—rise in its side valleys and join the Elk either within or in close proximity to the townsite.
To the northeast is Mount Hosmerto the east is Fernie Ridge, to the southeast is Morrissey Ridge and its notable outcropping, Castle Mountain and to the southwest are the various peaks of the Lizard Range. Fernie gives the name to the Jurassic -Age Fernie Dating websites fernie british columbia. While the slopes of the mountains are the present focus of economic activity, until comparatively recently residents of the area were more interested in the mountains' innards.
The vast Crowsnest Coal Field lies just to the east of the city, and Fernie owes its origins to nineteenth-century prospector William Fernie, who established the coal industry that continues to exist to this day. The Canadian Pacific Railway arrived in the valley the following year, and a townsite emerged parallel to the railway line slightly north of the initial encampment, or "Old Town.
During World Dating websites fernie british columbia One, an internment camp for prisoners of war was set up at rented premises in Fernie from June to October Underground coal mines were dug 10 kilometres 6.
A variety of other mines were sunk into the coal fields in a fifty-kilometre radius in the following two decades. No dating websites fernie british columbia was ever carried out in Fernie proper; coking of Coal Creek coal was carried out at the townsite, but otherwise, the town developed into an administrative and commercial centre dating websites fernie british columbia the burgeoning industry.
Forestry played a smaller role in the local economy and a local brewery produced Fernie Beer from Brewery Creek mountain spring water. Like most single-industry towns, Fernie endured several boom-and-bust cycles throughout the twentieth century, generally tied to the global price of coal. The mines at Coal Creek closed permanently by and the focus of mining activity shifted to Michel and Natal about twenty-five kilometres 16 miles upriver, which sat on a more productive portion of the Crowsnest Coal Field.
Kaiser Resources opened immense open-pit mines there in the s to meet new metallurgical coal contracts for the Asian industrial market, predominantly for use in blast furnaces. Fernie would remain an important residential base for mine labour, along with the new communities of Sparwood and Elkford that sprang up much closer to these new mines.
Today, Teck Resources operates four open-pit mines, shipping out unit trains often with more than cars along the Canadian Pacific Railway through Fernie to the Pacific Coast, where the coal is loaded onto freighters at Roberts Bank Superport in Delta. The Flathead Valley avalanches were two avalanches that dating websites fernie british columbia 11 snowmobilers near Fernie on December 28, The avalanches ultimately claimed the lives of eight of the riders.
After a disastrous fire levelled much of the downtown core inthe fledgling municipal government passed an ordinance requiring all buildings in the area to be built of 'fireproof' materials like brick and stone. Consequently, a new city centre rose from the ashes sporting brick buildings along broad dating websites fernie british columbia that would have looked more at home in a sedate and refined Victorian city than a rough-and-tumble frontier coal town. They were short-lived, however, as a second, larger inferno swept through the city on August 1, Whipped up by sudden winds, a nearby forest fire burnt its way into a lumber yard on the edge of the community and sparked a Dresden-style firestorm that melted brick and mortar and essentially erased the entire city in an afternoon.
There were few casualties however and for a second time, a stately brick downtown core rose dating websites fernie british columbia the ashes. Today, these historic buildings, most of which still stand, are a treasured and distinctive feature of the community. Summer in Fernie is generally far quieter than the winter months, though mountain bikingfly fishing and golf are increasingly important tourist draws.
Because of this tragedy, the City of Fernie declared a state of emergency and people had to evacuate the area for days. Shaw Communications operates a cable system serving Fernie. The cable system offers most major channels from Vancouver and Calgaryas well as local programming on Shaw TV channel School District 5 Southeast Dating websites fernie british columbia operates the following public schools in Fernie:.
In the Census of Population conducted by Statistics CanadaFernie had a population of 6, living in 2, of its 3, total private dwellings, a change of With a dating websites fernie british columbia area of According to the censusreligious groups in Fernie included: .
Influenced by chinook winds and being to the west of the continent, Fernie's winters are mild for dating websites fernie british columbia latitude in North Americaalthough the climate is a lot more dating websites fernie british columbia than coastal British Columbia. Contents move to sidebar hide. Article Talk. Read Edit View history. Tools Tools. Download as PDF Printable version.
In other projects. Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. For other uses, see Fernie disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. City in British Columbia, Canada. Location of Fernie in British Columbia. Archived from the dating websites fernie british columbia on Retrieved Retrieved on 22 January Statistics Canada.
February 9, Retrieved February 20, Environment Canada. Retrieved January 15, Wikisource has the text of the Encyclopedia Americana article Fernie. Subdivisions of British Columbia. Regional districts School districts Land districts Health regions Counties court system. Municipalities Cities District municipalities Indian government districts Island municipalities Mountain resort municipalities Resort municipalities Towns Villages Ghost towns Indian reserves.
Canadian Rockies. Mountain Stoney Mountain Metis. See also Geography portal Canada portal. Authority control databases. France BnF data. MusicBrainz area. Toggle limited content width. Downtown Dating websites fernie british columbia, looking south. Flag Logo. Motto s : "In montibus ad flumen" Latin "In the mountains by the river".
Fernie Location of Fernie in British Columbia. British Columbia. East Kootenay. Rob Morrison. Hwy 3. European [a]. East Asian [b]. Southeast Asian [c]. Middle Eastern [d]. Source: .
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